July jobs report could be what gives the market its next big jolt in the week ahead

Traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, June 25, 2021.

Source: NYSE

Friday’s jobs report could be a catalyst that helps determine whether markets are volatile or will trade like it’s the quiet dog days of August.

More than a quarter of the S&P 500 report earnings in the coming week. The calendar includes companies in sectors such as consumer staples, insurance, pharma, travel and media. From Booking Holdings to ViacomCBS, Wayfair, and Kellogg, investors will be watching to see what companies say about reopening activity, supply chain disruptions and rising costs.

“I think as much as 85% of the companies which are reporting earnings mentioned inflation on their earnings calls,” said Sonal Desai, chief investment officer of Franklin Templeton Fixed Income. “Inflation may not be a problem to policymakers and financial markets, which seem not to be concerned at all. It does seem to bother the people who have to buy stuff or people who produce stuff.”

The jobs factor

The Federal Reserve has said the sharp jump in inflation is just temporary, and many investors appear to be taking it in stride for now. The market is intensely focused on the central bank’s other mandate: the labor market. Fed Chairman Jerome Powell this past week said he would like to see strong jobs reports before winding down the central bank’s $120 billion a month bond-buying program.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics will release the July employment report on the morning of Friday, Aug. 6. It’s expected to show 788,000 nonfarm payrolls, down from 850,000 in June. The unemployment rate is expected to dip to 5.7% from 5.9%. Average hourly wages are expected to rise 3.9% year over year.

Barry Knapp, director of research at Ironsides Macroeconomics, said he expects the next two monthly jobs reports will be strong, and the Fed should then be ready to announce at its September meeting that it is ready to begin the slow unwind of its bond purchasing program.

That is an important step since it would be the first real move away from the central bank’s easy policies that were put in place in the pandemic. It would also mean the Fed would be open to raising interest rates once the tapering is completed.

Game changer for markets

“Friday could be a game changer,” Knapp said of the employment report. Before that, he expects stocks to trade in a narrow range.

If the number of jobs added in July is much higher than expected, at more than 1 million, Knapp said the market could immediately sell off on the idea the Fed would be ready to pare back its bond purchases.

If the number is weaker than expected, the market could rally. “We are in a dead period after earnings, with concerns about the pace of the reopening. It’s still a bit of a question mark. The bias would be higher after a weak number… Bad is good. Good is bad,” said Knapp.

Like some other strategists, he expects to see a stock market correction, possibly later this summer.

“I’m in the camp where I think we’re going to have our first major correction.” Knapp said. “What we’re likely to get is at least 10% or more… It could really happen when they [Fed officials] make the announcement in September.”

Luke Tilley, chief economist at Wilmington Trust, said he expects just 350,000 jobs, based on the high frequency data he watches.

“We think the run rate is about 500,000 jobs. Last month seems a little bit overcooked,” he said.

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Week ahead calendar

Monday

Earnings: Take-Two Interactive, Mosaic, Vornado Realty, Eastman Chemical, Simon Property, Transocean, Pioneer Natural Resources, Reynolds Consumer Products, ON Semiconductor, NXP Semiconductor, AXA, Loews

9:45 a.m. Manufacturing PMI

10:00 a.m. ISM manufacturing

10:00 a.m. Construction spending

10:00 am. Boston Fed President Eric Rosengren

2:00 p.m. Senior loan officer survey

Tuesday

Earnings: Alibaba, Amgen, Eli Lilly, Clorox, KKR, Under Armour, Eaton, Discovery, Pitney Bowes, Marriott, ConocoPhillips, Activision Blizzard, Avis Budget, Public Storage, Devon Energy, Jacobs Engineering, Bausch Health, Incyte, Philips 66, Ralph Lauren, Expeditors International, Nikola, Warner Music

10:00 a.m. Factory orders

11:00 a.m. New York Fed release on household debt and credit

Wednesday

Earnings: Booking Holdings, CVS Health, GM, Etsy, MGM Resorts, Allstate, Uber, Fox Corp., Electronic Arts, Roku, Kraft Heinz, Toyota, Sony, AmerisourceBergen, Marathon Petroleum, BorgWarner, Entergy, Apollo Global Management, New York Times, Scotts Miracle-Gro, Tupperware, MetLife, IAC/Interactive

8:15 a.m. ADP employment

9:45 a.m. Services PMI

10:00 a.m. ISM services

Thursday

Vehicle sales

Earnings: Regeneron, ViacomCBS, Beyond Meat, DropBox, Expedia, Sprouts Farmers Market, TrueCar, Shake Shack, Square, TripAdvisor, Cushman and Wakefield, Kellogg, Cigna, Zillow, Lions Gate, Ambac, Virgin Galactic, Motorola Solutions, Zynga, Illumina, AIG, SeaWorld, Cardinal Health, Duke Energy, Thomson Reuters, Datadog, Eventbrite, NRG Energy, Choice Hotels, Parker-Hannifin, Wayfair, Zoetis

8:30 a.m. Initial jobless claims

8:30 a.m. International trade

Friday

Earnings: Liberty Broadband, Liberty Media, AMC Networks, Draftkings, Fluor, Gannett, Canopy Growth, Nuance Communiciations, Goodyear Tire

8:30 a.m. Employment report

10:00 a.m. Wholesale trade

3:00 p.m. Consumer credit



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